Hunger in Northwest Indiana

Key Definitions

Here we have provided some common terms associated with the Food Bank and their definitions.

Agency: The charitable organization that provides the food supplied by the food bank or food-rescue organization directly to clients in need, through various types of programs.

Food Bank: a charitable organization that solicits, receives, inventories and distributes donated food and grocery products pursuant to industry and appropriate regulatory standards. The products are distributed to charitable human-service agencies, which provide the products directly to clients through various programs.

Food Security: Is access by all people at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life. Food security includes at a minimum: the ready availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods, and an assured ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways.

Food Insecurity: USDA's measure of lack of access, at times, to enough food for an active, healthy life for all households members; limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate foods or an uncertain ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways.

Pantry (Food Pantry, Food Shelf): A charitable distribution agency that provides clients food and grocery products for home preparation and consumption.

Kitchen (Soup Kitchen, Community Dining Room): A charitable program whose primary purpose is to provide prepared meals, served in the kitchen, to clients in need.

Emergency Food Assistance: Charitable feeding programs whose services are provided to clients who are typically in short-term need of emergency assistance. Emergency food programs include food pantries, soup kitchens and shelters.

Non-Emergency Food Assistance: Charitable feeding programs that have a primary purpose other than emergency food distribution, but also distribute food. Non-emergency food programs include afterschool meals to low-income children, senior congregate meal programs, child day care programs, Kids Cafe and BackPack programs.

Very Low Food Security: An involuntary state that results in eating patterns of one or more household members being disrupted and food intake reduced because the household could not afford enough food.